3(22) for the righteousness of God through faith of Jesus Christ unto all them that believe; for there is no distinction; (23) For all have sinned, and fall short of the glory of God; (24) being justified freely in the grace of Him through the redemption of the Jesus in Christ/Messiah (25) Whom the God set forth to be a propitiation/expiation/mercy seat, through faith, in His blood, unto the proof/sign of the righteousness of Him through the passing over of the sins done aforetime,

See PDF for explanations and interpretations. The Guide for Adventists is not below but in the PDF attached below. 

Bernard Weiss 1906 translation of Romans is used here for paraphrasing and explanation by a non-Adventist. His son Johannes Weiss is more known to the scholarly world, only because he tapped into Higher Critical interpretations contrary to his faithful father. 

The Nestle Greek New Testament was under his R&D. Bernard was a great scholar and it is a sober scholar for those to whom faith still matters in Bible exposition. 

Here are some faithful excerpts from his commentary:

B. Weiss 1906: 1:1

“As Paul is writing to the congregation in Rome, which

he had neither founded nor ever visited, he introduces

himself to them in his official capacity.”


B. Weiss 1906: at 7:11

“For sin, which by the command

was called into life, made use of this commandment to

deceive him, by representing to him what was forbidden

as something that was desirable and wholesome.

The desire for that which was prohibited thus aroused

by the command, led him further on in this inner selfcontradiction,

with which all true life ceased.”


B. Weiss 1906: 65 at 7:23

Great Controversy

“But this law is in constant

battle with the law of God, which reason demands that

he shall follow. And the outcome of this struggle is

always the same, namely, that this foreign law takes

him captive and forces him to serve the law of sin,

which is that very law which he finds in his members.”



B. Weiss 1906: 65 at 7:23

“With this the

proof has been completed from all sides, that through

the law we can never attain to this new righteousness

of life. For the law can indeed convince reason of the

fact that its fulfilment is desh-able, but cannot at all enable us to accomplish this fulfilment, as it rather

only arouses the opposition of our carnal nature against

itself and in this way increases sin instead of overcoming





B. Weiss 1906: at 3:26

But He could not show this in the

present time by dealing universal punishment to sinners,

as this is to be the time of salvation, but only

by the establishment of some means of atonement

which in His eyes would cover their sins. For He not

only purposed to be just, and not suffer sin to go still

longer unpunished, nor to leave them without atonement,

but to announce their justification. But, if this is

the case. He could not visit mankind with a general

judgment, for all would then become its victims. Nor

could He pronounce those just who were such on the

basis of the works of the law, for there were no such

persons. He could pronounce a man just only on the

ground of his trust in Jesus, whom He had sent into

the world as a means of redemption.


Weiss 1906: 8:4

“Not for the purpose of freeing us from the fulfilment of

the will of God, that was revealed in the law, had we

been made free of the law, but to make possible this

fulfilment through the Spirit, who had come in His

place, and who not only reveals to us the will of God,

but at the same time, too, invites us to fulfil it.”


Weiss 1906: 8:5-6

“Therewith it has then been said, that He will not

force us to this. For God does not want an enforced

fulfilment of His will. He has sent us His Spirit, who

makes this possible ; but whether we in all our conduct

will permit Him to direct us or not, is our own affair.

Our carnal nature has not been changed thereby. This

nature has been delivered from the dominion of sin and

can no longer compel us to do the will of sin ; but it

retains its own will, which can also take an antagonistic

attitude towards God. If then we permit ourselves to

be governed in all our doings by this nature, then the

demands of the law will not be fulfilled in us. But it is

not a matter of decision in individual cases. If our 5

whole being is ruled by the fiesh, then we will seek

after that which belongs to our natural peculiarities,

that which our selfish and carnal self-will demands, as

only those who are already spiritually inclined can also

become spiritual-minded. The will of God, which is

revealed in the law, however, not only demands that all

our efforts shall be directed toward the fulfilment of

His will and not toward the fulfilment of our natural

self-will ; but He has also made life a condition on the

former and death on the latter.”


B. Weiss 1906: 8:8

“only God can determine our will to submit itself to

His will, and our self-will does not want to be determined

by the will of another. Those, however, who

find their life's element in their carnal self-will, cannot

be pleasing to God. He must be their enemy, and for

this reason death must impend over them, which is

destined for all who are hostile to God. He, then, who

refuses to be guided by the Spirit, without whom there

can be no life, again falls under the dominion of sin

and of death.”


B. Weiss 1906: 8:10


“For to be a Christian

means to belong to Christ ; but not only to confess

Him and to serve Him, but also to become one with



B. Weiss 1906: 8:11


“For a body which He had deemed worthy of being

the temple of His Spirit cannot be subject to death for

all time. It must, as was the case with the body of

Christ, be raised from the dead and be transformed to

an imperishable heavenly glory.”


B. Weiss 1906: 8:14

“For this is the new thought that the Apostle wants 14

to develop, that this being moved by the Spirit of God,

is for us the proof that we are the sons of God.

Not as though through our being led by the Spirit we

become the children of God. For only the children

of God can receive the Spirit and can be led by

Him. But as children can be recognized by their likeness

to their father, thus, too, we are able to recognize

the children of God by the fact that they, being led by

His Spirit, become like unto Him and thereby receive

all the privileges of the sons of God, and shall later

participate in all of His possessions. This results from 15

the kind of Spirit which they have received in baptism.”


B. Weiss 1906: 74; 8:17

Be willing to suffer for Christ

“But one thing we are to remember. If the Spirit, which

we have received in the communion of life with Christ

is to assure us of the future participation in His glory,

then this communion with Him must be proved by the

fact that we submit to those sufferings which fall to

our lot, as they did to His at the hands of the world,

that is hostile to God, and that we accordingly suffer

willingly with Him.”


B. Weiss 1906: 77; 8:24

“It is true that we do not yet see this goal of our hopes ;

but this lies in the nature of hope. If the object of our

hope has once been seen, then it is no longer something

that we hope for ; for what we already see we do not

any longer hope for. We would not have any Christian

hope at all, if there was not still in each an unsatisfied

longing and sighing.”


B. Weiss 1906: 78; 8:26

“For this Spirit, according

to His will, appears for those who belong to

Him, and for this reason God understands what He

would ask for them, even if we are not able to express

our thoughts to Him in words.”


B. Weiss 1906:  8:28-29


“True, not for all, but only for those who love Him ; but

this, too, not because they love Him, but because they

have before been recognized as those whom, according to

His purpose, He has called to redemption. For when

God formed the purpose of bringing them to redemption,

He then did not choose them at random, and, as it were,

by chance, but those whom He, as the Searcher of

hearts, had beforehand known as those in whom His

grace could work this love for Him. For in them there

had long before been a longing for that which is divine, 29

without which the grace of God could not be able to

bring them to redemption. Those who in this way had

been foreordained. He appointed to become similar to

the form of His Son, who, in His transformed body,

bears in Himself the image of the Father, and in this

way implants in them the full heritage of the Son of



B. Weiss 1906: 79; 8:30

Predestination [once saved always saved?]

“But in this case it was necessary for

God to select those who were in a condition to be led to

this goal. And when He called those who were predes- 30

tinated to this goal, by working faith in them through the gospel, and called them into His congregation, then

these, and none others, were those who had been called

according to His purpose to redemption, and whom God

in every particular helps to attain redemption. But if

their call had already directly brought about their

justification, then thereby their future glorification had

been made as sure and as certain as if it had already

taken place.”


B. Weiss 1906: 80;31

Is apostasy possible?

“It is true that the question arises whether the good

purposes of God, which we see in our call and justification,

can be frustrated in some way or other. But

he answers with the counter-question. Who can be

against us, if God is for us, by having determined to

32 bring us to redemption. He reminds us that God has,

as a matter of fact, sacrificed that which was dearest to

Him for us all, even for those who were unworthy of

such grace, when He gave up His Son to die for our

salvation. How then could He, who has already done

the greatest thing for us, fail to give us, in conjunction

with the gift of His grace which He has bestowed upon

us in His Son, that which is necessary for the overcoming

of all obstacles that would hinder our salvation ?”

Romans 3 vv 22 to 25 Guide for Adventists.pdf